A brother has parents who are deaf. Will he be questioned on the Day of Resurrection on why he did not convey Islam to them?
Shaykh Muqbil ibn Ḥādī al-Wādiʿī:
It is upon him to convey according to his ability. It has been reported in the ḥadīth of al-Aswād ibn Sārī and Abū Hurairah in al-Musnad of Imām Aḥmad, that the Prophet ﷻ said; “There will be four [types of individuals] on the Day of Judgement; a deaf person who cannot hear anything, a dumb person, a senile person and one who died before the advent of Islam. As for the deaf, he will say, ‘O’ my Lord, Islam came [to me] but I was unable to hear anything’. As for the dumb, he will say, ‘O’ my Lord, Islam came [to me] but the children threw [dry] dung at me’. As for the senile, he will say, ‘O’ my Lord, Islam came [to me] but I comprehended nothing’, and the one who died before the advent of Islam will say, ‘O’ my Lord, no one came to me as a messenger [of your religion].’ So Allāh will take a covenant of devout obedience from them. Then a messenger will be sent to them ordering them to enter the Fire”. The Prophet [then] said; “By the One in whose Hand is the soul of Muḥammad, if they enter [the fire], it will be cool and safe for them.” In the ḥadīth of Abū Hurairah it reads that the Prophet ﷻ said: “Whoever enters [the fire], will find it cool and safe; and whoever does not enter it, is pulled to it.”