Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) gave a sermon to the people on the day of the conquest of Makkah, and he said: “O you people! Verily Allāh has abolished the arrogance of pre-Islamic ignorance from you, and its reverence to your forefathers. So, now there are two types of men: A man who is righteous, has piety and is honourable before Allāh, and a wicked man who is miserable and insignificant to Allāh. People are children of Ādam and Allāh created Ādam from the earth. Allāh said: {O you people! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes so that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allāh is the one who has most piety. Verily, Allāh is ‘Alīm [All-Knowing], Khabīr [Perfectly Aware]} (49:13).”


Ibn al-‘Arabī said in commentary of this narration:


“During the days of pre Islamic ignorance, nobility would be based on particular features as opposed to piety. So Allāh nullified all forms of pride and nobility based on inherent or inherited features and only left that [nobility] connected to piety; which is to obey Allāh and adhere to His legislation. Whereby the origin of man is one, from clay. And their father is one, Ādam, who is the origin [from which humans were born], Ādam and Ḥawa” [Eve].


Explanation of At-Tirmithi by Ibn Al-‘Arabi (volume 6 pg 112) Chapter of Tafsīr: Al-Ḥujurat.